Improving corrosion resistance of 3D printed Ti-6Al-4V by TiN coating

Authors

  • Surada NISAIMUN Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, 254 Payathai Rd, Patumwan, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand
  • Phitsanu POOLCHARUANSIN Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Mahasarakham University, 44150, Thailand
  • Patama VISUTTIPITUKUL Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, 254 Payathai Rd, Patumwan, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand
  • Pitichon KLOMJIT Rail and Modern Transportation Research Center, 114 Thailand Science Park, Pahonyothin Rd, Khlong Nueng, National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), Khlong Luang, Patumthani, 12120, Thailand

Keywords:

TiN, Ti-6Al-4V alloy, HiPIMS, DCMS, Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS)

Abstract

TiN thin films were deposited on biomaterial 3D printed Ti-6Al-4V substrates using two methods including direct current magnetron sputtering (DCMS) and high-power impulse magnetron sputtering (HiPIMS). The coating times were compared between 5 min and 25 min. HiPIMS was developed based on DCMS by increasing degree of ionization in plasma and power densities in the order of kWcm-2 compared to Wcm-2 of DCMS. The film characteristics and mechanical properties were investigated by glancing incident x-ray diffractometer (GIXRD), field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), and atomic force microscope (AFM). Electrochemical behavior was analyzed by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) in 1 M NaCl solution. The results showed that TiN films deposited by HiPIMS exhibited an equiaxed structure while those from DCMS had a columnar structure. As a consequence, corrosion resistance of HiPIMS films was better than the DCMS films. Furthermore, increasing coating time resulted in thicker TiN layer and therefore, promoted higher corrosion resistance.

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Author Biography

Pitichon KLOMJIT, Rail and Modern Transportation Research Center, 114 Thailand Science Park, Pahonyothin Rd, Khlong Nueng, National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA), Khlong Luang, Patumthani, 12120, Thailand

Pitichon Klomjit is corresponding author for this manuscript.

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Published

2021-06-27

How to Cite

[1]
S. NISAIMUN, P. POOLCHARUANSIN, P. VISUTTIPITUKUL, and P. KLOMJIT, “Improving corrosion resistance of 3D printed Ti-6Al-4V by TiN coating”, J. Met. Mater. Miner., vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 137-146, Jun. 2021.

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Original Research Articles