Agronomic benefits of durian shell biochar
This study investigated the chemical properties of durian shell biochar which is used as a soil amendment. It can act as a carbon sink and as a means to improve crop yield. Plant nutrient elements in this biochar are in crystalline minerals located within the complex pore structure therefore biochar production from wastes could be a very good way to reduce demand for fertilizers. XRD and SEM-EDS results demonstrate that the numerous minerals in biochar are highly soluble, such as archerite (KH<sub>2</sub>PO<sub>4</sub>), chlorocalcite (KCaCl<sub>3</sub>), kalicinite (KHCO<sub>3</sub>), and sylvite (KCl) with small amounts of poorly soluble minerals (calcite CaCO<sub>3</sub> and struvite KMgPO<sub>4</sub>.6H<sub>2</sub>O). When biochar is applied to soils at the recommended rates of tonnes/ hectare, it will be a significant source of potassium, phosphorus and other nutrient elements. The availability of nutrients to plants will depend on properties of the biochar and the adjacent soil.
How to Cite
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.