Recycling of medical gown nonwoven fabric manufacturing waste as a filler for high density polyethylene


  • Pattaraporn Singsatit Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University
  • Vimolwan Pimpan Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University


Acid treatment, Maleic anhydride, Nonwoven fabric, High-density polyethylene, Recycle


The objective of this research is to recycle nonwoven fabric waste from medical gown– manufacturing process by using as a filler in high–density polyethylene (HDPE). Before nonwoven fabric waste was mixed with HDPE, this fabric waste was treated with 5, 10 and 15 %w/w of the fabric waste using the treatment time of 2, 3 and 4 hours. The chemical structure of treated fabric waste was confirmed by FT-IR spectroscopy while scanning electron microscopy was used to investigate its surface morphology. The samples were prepared by compression molding using the amount of fabric waste at 5, 10, 15, and 20 %w/w, respectively. After mechanical tests were employed, it was found that the fabric waste content, the amount of maleic anhydride and the treatment time affected the mechanical properties of filled HDPE. Each property was improved when different conditions were used. However, these properties especially impact strength of HDPE filled with modified fabric waste were better than HDPE filled with unmodified one.


Download data is not yet available.


Pimpan, V., Sirisook, R., and Chuayjuljit, S. 2003. Synthesis of unsaturated polyester resin from postconsumer PET bottles : Effect of type of glycol on characteristics of unsaturated polyester resin. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 88 : 788-792.

Saravari, O., Vessabutr, B. and Pimpan, V. 2004. Synthesis of urethane oils from waste poly(ethylene terephthalate) bottles. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 92 : 3043-3045.

Chuayjuljit, S., Norakankorn, C. and Pimpan, V. 2002. Chemical recycling of rigid polyurethane foam scrap via base catalyzed aminolysis. J. Met. Mater. Miner. 12(1) : 19-22.

Mustafa, N. 1993. Plastics waste management: Disposal, recycling, and reuse. New York : Marcel Dekker, Inc.

Santos, P. and Pezzin, S.H. 2003. Mechanical properties of polypropylene reinforced with recycled-pet fibers. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 143-144 : 517-520.

Singleton, A.C.N., Baillie, C.A., Beaumont, P.W.R. and Peijst, T. 2003. On the mechanical properties, deformation and fracture of a natural fibre/recycled polymer composite. Compos. B : Eng. 34 : 519-526.

Gassan, J. and Bledzki, A.K. 1997. The influence of fiber-surface treatment on the mechanical properties of jute-polypropylene composites. Compos. Part A : Appl. Sci. Manuf. 28 : 1001-1005.

Mwaikambo, L.Y., Martuscelli, E. and Avella, M. 2000. Kapok/cotton fabric-polypropylene composites. Polym. Test. 19 : 905-918.

Meister. J.J. 2000. Polymer modification : principles, techniques, and applications. New York : Marcel Dekker, Inc.

Gachter, R. and Muller. H. 1987. Plastics additives handbook : stabilizers, processing aids, plasticizers, fillers, reinforcements, colorants for thermoplastics. New York : Horser Polishers.




How to Cite

P. . Singsatit and V. Pimpan, “Recycling of medical gown nonwoven fabric manufacturing waste as a filler for high density polyethylene”, J Met Mater Miner, vol. 19, no. 1, Apr. 2017.



Original Research Articles