Recycling of medical gown nonwoven fabric manufacturing waste as a filler for high density polyethylene
Keywords:Acid treatment, Maleic anhydride, Nonwoven fabric, High-density polyethylene, Recycle
AbstractThe objective of this research is to recycle nonwoven fabric waste from medical gownâ€“ manufacturing process by using as a filler in highâ€“density polyethylene (HDPE). Before nonwoven fabric waste was mixed with HDPE, this fabric waste was treated with 5, 10 and 15 %w/w of the fabric waste using the treatment time of 2, 3 and 4 hours. The chemical structure of treated fabric waste was confirmed by FT-IR spectroscopy while scanning electron microscopy was used to investigate its surface morphology. The samples were prepared by compression molding using the amount of fabric waste at 5, 10, 15, and 20 %w/w, respectively. After mechanical tests were employed, it was found that the fabric waste content, the amount of maleic anhydride and the treatment time affected the mechanical properties of filled HDPE. Each property was improved when different conditions were used. However, these properties especially impact strength of HDPE filled with modified fabric waste were better than HDPE filled with unmodified one.
Pimpan, V., Sirisook, R., and Chuayjuljit, S. 2003. Synthesis of unsaturated polyester resin from postconsumer PET bottles : Effect of type of glycol on characteristics of unsaturated polyester resin. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 88 : 788-792.
Saravari, O., Vessabutr, B. and Pimpan, V. 2004. Synthesis of urethane oils from waste poly(ethylene terephthalate) bottles. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 92 : 3043-3045.
Chuayjuljit, S., Norakankorn, C. and Pimpan, V. 2002. Chemical recycling of rigid polyurethane foam scrap via base catalyzed aminolysis. J. Met. Mater. Miner. 12(1) : 19-22.
Mustafa, N. 1993. Plastics waste management: Disposal, recycling, and reuse. New York : Marcel Dekker, Inc.
Santos, P. and Pezzin, S.H. 2003. Mechanical properties of polypropylene reinforced with recycled-pet fibers. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 143-144 : 517-520.
Singleton, A.C.N., Baillie, C.A., Beaumont, P.W.R. and Peijst, T. 2003. On the mechanical properties, deformation and fracture of a natural fibre/recycled polymer composite. Compos. B : Eng. 34 : 519-526.
Gassan, J. and Bledzki, A.K. 1997. The influence of fiber-surface treatment on the mechanical properties of jute-polypropylene composites. Compos. Part A : Appl. Sci. Manuf. 28 : 1001-1005.
Mwaikambo, L.Y., Martuscelli, E. and Avella, M. 2000. Kapok/cotton fabric-polypropylene composites. Polym. Test. 19 : 905-918.
Meister. J.J. 2000. Polymer modification : principles, techniques, and applications. New York : Marcel Dekker, Inc.
Gachter, R. and Muller. H. 1987. Plastics additives handbook : stabilizers, processing aids, plasticizers, fillers, reinforcements, colorants for thermoplastics. New York : Horser Polishers.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2017 Journal of Metals, Materials and Minerals
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish in this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.