Efficiency of 2-dodecylaminopyridine for the liquid-liquid extraction of gold(III) from succinic acid medium
Extractive recovery of gold(III) from succinic acid solution with high molecular weight amine: 2-dodecylaminopyridine (2-DDAP) as a new extractant in xylene has been investigated. Extraction data indicates that 5 × 10-4 mol⋅L-1 2-DDAP is a very efficient and fast extractant. Gold(III) can be effectively extracted (D = 414.16) with 2-DDAP from 0.04 M succinic acid solution. The equilibrium of gold(III) from aqueous phase of succinic acid with 2-DDAP is achieved within 60 sec. The extraction of gold(III) with 2-DDAP proceed at the interface according to ion pair formation mechanism. The best stripping solution from among the studied ones is the 4 M ammonia solution. The selective extraction of gold(III) from some precious and base metals was carried out by 2-DDAP using proposed method and the results obtained are found to be highly effective for synthetic sample.
B. Gupta, I. Singh, and H. Mahandra, “Extraction and separation studies on Pt(IV), Ir(III) and Rh(III) using sulphur containing extractant,” Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 132, pp.102-109, 2014.
I. Ott, “On the medicinal chemistry of gold complexes as anticancer drugs,” Coordination Chemistry Reviews, vol. 253, pp. 1670-1681, 2009.
E.A. Mowafy, and H.F. Aly, “Extraction and separation of Pd(II), Pt(IV), Fe(III), Zn(II), Cu(II) and Ag(I) from hydrochloric acid solutions with selected cyanamides as novel extractants,” Journal Hazardous Material, vol. 149, pp. 465-470, 2007.
J. Tollefson, “Worth its weight in platinum,” Nature, vol. 450, pp. 334-335, 2007.
L. Bulgariu, and D. Bulgariu, “Extraction of gold(III) from chloride medium aqueous polyethylene glycol based two phase system,” Separation and Purification Technology vol. 18, pp. 620-625, 2011.
P. Durga, K. Kanjana, R.A. Chaitanya, I. Katsutoshi, O. Keisuke, K. Hidetaka, F. Masamitsu, and H. Koichi, “Total recovery of gold, palladium and palladium using lignophenol derivative,” Minerals Engineering, vol. 22, pp. 1173-1178, 2009.
B.K. Reck, and T.E. Graedel, “Challenges in metal recycling,” Science, vol. 337, pp. 690-695, 2012.
A. Behnammad, M.M. Salarirad, and F. Veglio, “Process development for recovery of copper and precious metals from waste printed circuit boards with emphasize on palladium and gold leaching and precipitation,” Waste Management, vol.33, pp. 2354-2363, 2013.
N. Papaiconomou, G. Vite, N. Goujon, J. Levequen, and I. Billard, “Efficient removal of gold complexes from water by precipitation or liquid liquid extraction using ionic liquids,” Green Chemistry, vol. 14, pp. 2050-2056, 2012.
R. Dobrowolski, M. Kurylo, M. Otto, and A. Mroz, “Determination of gold in geological materials by carbon slurry sampling graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry” Talanta, vol. 99, pp. 750-757, 2012.
W. Wei, D.H.K. Reddy, J.K. Bediako, and Y. Yun, “Aliquat-336-impreganated alginate capsule as a green sorbent for selective recovery of gold from metal mixtures,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 289, pp. 413-422, 2016.
L. Liu, S. Liu, Q. Zhang, C. Li, C. Bao, X. Liu, and P. Xiao, “Adsorption of Au(III), Pd(II) and Pt(IV) from aqueous solution onto graphene oxide,” Journal of Chemical Engineering & Data, vol. 58, pp. 209-216, 2013.
J. Hassan, M. Shamsipur, and M. Karbasi, “Single granular activated carbon microextraction and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry determination for trace amount of gold in aqueous and geological samples,” Microchemical Journal, vol. 99, pp. 93-96, 2011.
Y.Y.N. Bonggotgetsakul, R.W. Cattrall, and S.D., Kolev, “Recovery of gold from aqua regia digested electronic scrap using a poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropene) (PVDF-HFP) based polymer inclusion membrane (PIM) containing Cyphoss IL 104,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 514, pp. 274-281, 2016.
Y.Y.N. Bonggootgetsakul, R.W. Cattrall, and S.D. Kolev, “Extraction of gold (III) from hydrochloric acid solution with a PVC- based polymer inclusion membrane (PIM) containing Cyphos IL 104,” Membrane, vol. 5, pp. 903-914, 2015.
S. Su, B. Chen, M. He, Z. Xiao, and B. Hu, “A novel strategy for sequential analysis of gold nanoparticles and gold ions in water samples by combining magnetic solid phase extraction with inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry,” Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, vol. 29, pp. 444-453, 2014.
E. Mladenova, I. Karadjova, D.L. Tsalev, “Solid phase extraction in the determination of gold, palladium and platinum,” Journal of Separation Science, vol. 35, pp. 1249-1265, 2012.
S.S. Bozkurt, and M. Merdivan, “Solid phase extraction of gold(III) on silica gel modified with benzoylthiourea prior to its determination by flame atomic absorption spectrometry,” Environmental Monitoring. Assessment, vol. 158, pp. 15-21, 2009.
M. Kul, and K.O. Oskay, “Separation and recovery of valuable metals from real mix electroplating wastewater by solvent extraction,” Hydrometallurgy, vol. 155, pp. 153-160, 2015.
W. Wei, C. Cho, S. Kima, M. Song, J. Bediako, and Y. Yun, “Selective recovery of Au(III), Pt(IV) and Pd(II) from aqueous solutions by liquid liquid extraction using ionic liquid Aliquat-336,” Journal of Molecular Liquid, vol. 216, pp. 18-24, 2016.
A. Mishra, N. Swain, S. Pradhan, and S. Mishra, “Efficiency of tri-n-octylamine for the liquid-liquid extraction of Co(II) from acidic chloride medium,” Journal of Metals, Materials and Minerals, vol. 31(1), pp. 44-50, 2021.
N. Sadeghi, and E.K. Alamdari, “A new approach for monitoring and controlling the extraction of gold by tri-butyl phosphate from chloride media,” Minerals Engineering, vol. 85, pp. 34-37, 2016.
X. Yang, X. Li, K. Huang, Q. Wei, Z. Huang, J. Chen, and Q. Xie, “Sovent extraction of gold (I) from alkaline cyanide solutions by cetylpyridinium bromide tributyl phosphate system,” Minerals Engineering, vol. 22, pp. 1068-1072, 2009.
A.S. Amin, “Utility of solid phase extraction for spectrophoto- metric determination of gold in water, jewel and ore samples” Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, vol. 77, pp. 1054-1058, 2010.
S.S. Kolekar, and M.A. Anuse, “Rapid solvent extraction of gold (III) with high molecular weight amine from organic acid solution,” Gold Bulletin, vol. 34, pp. 50-55, 2001.
X. Yang, R. Yang, D. Shi, S. Wang, J. Chen, and H. Guo, “Hydrophobic ionic liquids as novel extractant for gold(I) recovery from alkaline cyanide solution,” Journal of Chemical Technology & Biotechnology, vol. 90, pp. 1102-1109, 2015.
K.N. Vidhate, U.P., Shaikh, B.R. Arbad, and M.K. Lande, “Extraction and separation studies of gold(III) with 4-(4-methoxybenzylideneimino)-5-methyl-4H-triazole-3-thiol in hydrochloric acid medium,” Journal of Saudi Chemical Society, vol. 19, pp. 54-58, 2015.
E.A. Mowafy, and D. Mohamed, “Extraction and separation of gold(III) from hydrochloric acid solutions using long chain structurally tailored monoamides,” Separation and Purification Technology, vol. 167, pp. 146-153, 2016.
L. Pan, F. Wang, and X. Bao, “Solvent extraction of gold(I) from alkaine cyanide solutions with furfuryl thioalcohol,” Separation Science and Technology, vol. 48, pp. 2007-2012, 2013.
A.B. Shaikh, S.H., Gaikwad, and U.B. Barache, “A New experimental design for liquid-liquid extractive spectrophotometric determination of gold(III) using 4-(4-Flurobenylideneimino)-3-methyl-5-mercapto-1,2,4-triazole,” Analytical Chemistry Letter, vol. 3, pp. 336-356, 2020.
S. Katsuta, Y. Watanabe, Y. Araki, and Y. Kudo, “Extraction of gold (III) from hydrochloric acid into various ionic liquids: Relationship between extraction efficiency and aqueous solubility of ionic liquids,” ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering, vol. 4, pp. 564-571, 2016.
B. Swain, J. Jeong, S. Kim, and J. Lee, “Separation of platinum and palladium from chloride solution by solvent extraction using Alamine 300,” Hydrometallurgy, vol. 104, p. 1-7, 2010.
P.P. Sun, and M.S. Lee, “Separation of Ir(IV) and Rh(III) from mixed chloride solutions by solvent extraction,” Hydrometallurgy, vol. 105, pp. 334-340, 2011.
D.M. Krein, and T.L. Lowary, “A Convenient synthesis of 2-(Alkylamino)pyridines,” Journal of Organic Chemistry, vol. 67, pp. 4965-4967, 2002.
E.B. Sandell, “Colorimetric determination of traces of metals” 3rd ed. Interscience, New York, pp. 503, 519, 524, 702, 774, 781, 1965.
V.J. Suryavanshi, R.R. Pawar, M.A. Anuse, and G.N. Mulik, “2-Octylaminopyridine assisted solvent extraction system for selective separation of palladium(II) ion pair complex from synthetic mixtures and real samples,” Analytical Methods, vol. 7, pp. 2497-2504, 2015.
M. Gurung, B.B. Adhikari, S. Alam, H. Kawakita, K. Ohto, and K. Inoue, “Persimmon tannin based new sorption material for resource recycling and recovery of precious metals,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 228, pp. 405-414, 2013.
M. Monier, M.A. Akl, and W.M. Ali, “Modification and characterization of cellulose cotton fibers for fast extraction of some precious metal ions,” International journal of Biological Macromolecules, vol. 66, pp. 125-134, 2014.
Y. Ghadar, S.L. Christensen, and A.L. Clark, “Influence of aqueous ionic strength upon liquid liquid interfacial structure and microsolvation,” Fluid Phase Equilibria, vol. 407, pp. 126-134, 2016.
M.R.F. Siggel, A. Streitwieser, and T.D. Thomas, “The role of resonance and inductive effects in the acidity of carboxylic acids,” Journal of American Chemical Society, vol. 110(24), pp. 8022-8028, 1988.
M.R. Gandhi, M. Yamada, Y. Kondo, R. Sato, and F. Hamada, Synthesis and characterization of dimethylthiocarbamoyl-modified thiacalix[n]arenes for selective Pd(II)-ion extraction, Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, vol. 53, pp. 2559-2565, 2014.
A.I. Vogel, “A Text book of quantitative inorganic analysis,” fourth ed. ELBS, London, pp. 474, 739, 741, 747, 1978.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Metals, Materials and Minerals
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.