Characteristic of fluorescence spectroscopy response of tetrakis (4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin doped polyaniline toward Fe3+ ion


  • Chatr Panithipongwut kowalsk Department of Materials Science, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand
  • Meatawadee buntee
  • Prasit Pattananuwat Petrochemistry and Polymer Science, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, 10330, Thailand


Polyaniline, Tetrakis (4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin;, Fluorescence sensing, Fe3 detection


Here, we report a selective colorimetric chemosensor toward Fe3+ ion detection by the combination of sensitizer and hole transport consisting of polyaniline and tetrakis (4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin. Interestingly, the presence of tetrakis (4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin moiety on polyaniline can enhance the optical limiting properties of polyaniline, allowing the fluorophore signal for chemical sensor. The performance sensing behaviors toward metal ion are observed by the ultraviolet-Visible and fluorescence properties. The sensing of polyaniline-tetrakis (4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin toward Fe3+ ion exhibits a linear response in the concentration range of 0.01 M to 1.0 × 10-4 M over the other transition metals (Cu2+, Ni2+, Zn2+, Pb2+, Cd2+, Mn2+, B2+ and Ag+). A turn-off color of fluorescence emission can be applied for the rapid visualization of Fe3+ ion. The effective response of pH-independent Fe3+ ion sensing of polyaniline-tetrakis (4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin by quenching fluorescence reveals sufficiency in range of 4.0-12.0.  


Download data is not yet available.


M. B. H. Youdim, G. Stephenson G, and D. B. Shachar, "Ironing iron out in Parkinson's disease and other neurodegenerative diseases with iron chelators: a lesson from 6-hydroxy-dopamine and iron chelators, desferal and VK-28," Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1012 pp. 306-325, 2004.

H. Bağ, M. Lale, and A. R. Türker, "Determination of iron and nickel by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry after preconcentration on Saccharomyces cereVisiae immobilized sepiolite," Talanta, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 689-696, 1998.

K. S. Rao, T. Balaji, T. P. Rao, Y. Babu, and G. R. K. Naidu, "Determination of iron, cobalt, nickel, manganese, zinc, copper, cadmium and lead in human hair by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry," Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, vol. 57, no. 8, pp. 1333-1338, 2002.

J. N. Butt, F. A. Armstrong, J. Breton, S. J. George, A. J. Thomson, and E. C. Hatchikian, "Investigation of metal ion uptake reactivities of [3Fe-4S] clusters in proteins: voltammetry of co-adsorbed ferredoxin-aminocyclitol films at graphite electrodes and spectroscopic identification of transformed clusters," Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 113, no. 17, pp. 6663-6670, 1991.

T. Wang, N. Zhang, W. Bai, and Y. Bao, "Fluorescent chemosensors based on conjugated polymers with N-heterocyclic moieties: two decades of progress," Polymer Chemistry, vol. 11, no. 18, pp. 3095-3114, 2020.

D. Wu, A. C. Sedgwick, T. Gunnlaugsson, E. U. Akkaya, J. Yoon, and T. D. James, "Fluorescent chemosensors: the past, present and future," Chemical Society Reviews, vol. 46, no. 23, pp. 7105-7123, 2017.

L. Basabe-Desmonts, D. N. Reinhoudt, and M. Crego-Calama, "Design of fluorescent materials for chemical sensing," Chemical Society Reviews, vol. 36, no. 6, pp. 993-1017, 2007.

A. Shokry, M. M. A. Khalil, H. Ibrahim, M. Soliman, and S. Ebrahim, "Highly luminescent ternary nanocomposite of polyaniline, silver nanoparticles and graphene oxide quantum dots," Scientific Reports, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 16984-16984, 2019.

N. Orachorn, and O. Bunkoed, "A nanocomposite fluorescent probe of polyaniline, graphene oxide and quantum dots incorporated into highly selective polymer for lomefloxacin detection," Talanta, vol. 203, pp. 261-268, 2019.

E. Pringsheim, D. Zimin, and O. S. Wolfbeis, "Fluorescent Beads Coated with Polyaniline: A Novel Nanomaterial for Optical Sensing of pH," Advanced Materials, vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 819-822, 2001.

I. Z. Mohamad Ahad, S. Wadi Harun, S. N. Gan, and S. W. Phang, "Polyaniline (PAni) optical sensor in chloroform detection," Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 261, pp. 97-105, 2018.

C. M. Drain, J. T. Hupp, K. S. Suslick, M. R. Wasielewski, and X. Chen, "A perspective on four new porphyrin-based functional materials and devices," Journal of Porphyrins and Phthalocyanines, vol. 06, no. 04, pp. 243-258, 2002.

Z.-L. Qi, Y.-H. Cheng, Z. Xu, and M.-L. Chen, "Recent advances in porphyrin-based materials for metal ions detection," International Journal of Molecular Sciences, vol. 21, no. 16, pp. 5839, 2020.

M. Caselli, "Porphyrin-based electrostatically self-assembled multilayers as fluorescent probes for mercury(ii) ions: a study of the adsorption kinetics of metal ions on ultrathin films for sensing applications," RSC Advances, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 1350-1358, 2015.

S. Ajit, S. Palaniappan, P. U. Kumar, and P. Madhusudhanachary, "One-pot direct synthesis of fluorescent polyaniline-porphyrin macrospheres from porphyrin," Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, vol. 50, no. 5, pp. 884-889, 2012.

M. Khalid, J. J. S. Acuña, M. A. Tumelero, J. A. Fischer, V. C. Zoldan, and A. A. Pasa, "Sulfonated porphyrin doped polyaniline nanotubes and nanofibers: synthesis and characterization," Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 22, no. 22, pp. 11340-11346, 2012.

R. K. Pandey, C. S. S. Sandeep, R. Philip, and V. Lakshminarayanan, "Enhanced optical nonlinearity of polyaniline-porphyrin nanocomposite," The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 113, no. 20, pp. 8630-8634, 2009.

Y. Egawa, R. Hayashida, and J.-i. Anzai, "pH-induced interconversion between J-aggregates and H-aggregates of 5,10,15,20-tetrakis (4-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin in polyelectrolyte multilayer films," Langmuir, vol. 23, no. 26, pp. 13146-13150, 2007.

H. L. Ma, and W. J. Jin, "Studies on the effects of metal ions and counter anions on the aggregate behaviors of meso-tetrakis (p-sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin by absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy," Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 153-160, 2008.

M. M. Ayad, N. A. Salahuddin, M. O. Alghaysh, and R. M. Issa, "Phosphoric acid and pH sensors based on polyaniline films," Current Applied Physics, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 235-240, 2010.

L. Feng, Z. Chen, and D. Wang, "Selective sensing of Fe3+ based on fluorescence quenching by 2,6-bis(benzoxazolyl) pyridine with β-cyclodextrin in neutral aqueous solution," Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, vol. 66, no. 3. pp. 599-603, 2007.

H. Jia, X. Gao, Y. Shi, N. Sayyadi, Z. Zhang*, Q. Zhao, Q. Meng, and R. Zhang, "Fluorescence detection of Fe3+ ions in aqueous solution and living cells based on a high selectivity and sensitivity chemosensor," Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, vol. 149, pp. 674-681, 2015.

Q. Zhang, Y. Sun, M. Liu, and Y. Liu, "Selective detection of Fe3+ ions based on fluorescence MXene quantum dots via a mechanism integrating electron transfer and inner filter effect," Nanoscale, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 1826-1832, 2020.

J. Li, Q. Wang, Z. Guo, H. Ma, Y. Zhang, B. Wang, D. Bin, and Q. Wei, "Highly selective fluorescent chemosensor for detection of Fe(3+) based on Fe3O4@ZnO," (in eng), Scientific Reports, vol. 6, pp. 23558-23558, 2016.

R. Kagit, M. Yildirim, O. Ozay, S. Yesilot, and H. Ozay, "Phosphazene based multicentered naked-eye fluorescent sensor with high selectivity for Fe3+ Ions," Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 53, no. 4, pp. 2144-2151, 2014.

M. R. G. Fahmi, A. T. N. Fajar, N. Roslan, L. Yuliati, A. Fadlan, M. Santoso, and H. O. Lintang "Fluorescence study of 5-nitroisatin Schiff base immobilized on SBA-15 for sensing Fe3+," Open Chemistry, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 438-447, 2019.

S. Tang, J. Sun, Y. Li, D. Xia, T. Qi, K. Liu, H. Deng, W. Shen, and H. K. Lee, "pH-dependent selective ion exchange based on (ethylenediamintetraacetic acid-nickel)-layered double hydroxide to catalyze the polymerization of aniline for detection of Cu2+ and Fe3+," Talanta, vol. 187, pp. 287-294, 2018.

Z. F. Gao, T. T. Li, X. L. Xu, Y. Y. Liu, H. Q. Luo, and N. B. Li, "Green light-emitting polyepinephrine-based fluorescent organic dots and its application in intracellular metal ions sensing," Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 83, pp. 134-141, 2016.

Y. R. Bhorge, H.-T. Tsai, K.-F. Huang, A. J. Pape, S. N. Janaki, and Y.-P. Yen, "A new pyrene-based Schiff-base: A selective colorimetric and fluorescent chemosensor for detection of Cu(II) and Fe(III)," Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, vol. 130, pp. 7-12, 2014.




How to Cite

C. . Panithipongwut kowalsk, M. . buntee, and P. Pattananuwat, “Characteristic of fluorescence spectroscopy response of tetrakis (4-sulfonatophenyl) porphyrin doped polyaniline toward Fe3+ ion”, J. Met. Mater. Miner., vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 143-151, Sep. 2021.



Original Research Articles