Effects of sodium silicate as liquid phase sintering additives on properties of alumina ceramics
AbstractThis research focused on the production of high-performance alumina products. The feasibility of using soluble alkali silicate in liquid phase sintering of alumina was studied. Liquid soluble alkali silicate was used to enhance the plastic forming of alumina and formed liquid phase sintering to attain fired alumina products with high strength, high alumina content and low water absorption. The methodology consisted of the mixing of organic binder with sodium silicate (Na2SiO3), used as liquid phase sintering additive, of 0-15 wt%. Magnesium carbonate (MgCO3), used as the grain growth inhibitor, of 0-1 wt% were added and followed by alumina powders. The mixtures were kneaded thoroughly creating a dough. Alumina bodies with a diameter sizes of 10 and 35 mm were differently obtained from extrusion and uniaxial pressing techniques. Drying and firing process were carried out at 110Â°C for 24 h and 1600Â°C for 2 h. The results demonstrated that the addition of Na2SiO3 led to an increase of bulk density, while correspondingly showed a lowering of water absorption. Fired alumina products with water absorption of 0.37% were derived by extrusion with the addition of 1 wt% of MgCO3 and 10 wt% of Na2SiO3 solution.
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