Eco-friendly lake pigment from sappanwood: Adsorption study and its application as natural colorant for natural rubber toy balloon


  • Jitnapa SIRIRAK Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Silpakorn University, Nakhon Pathom, 73000, Thailand
  • Ployphat SUPPHARATTHANYA Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Silpakorn University, Nakhon Pathom, 73000, Thailand
  • Kedsarin CHANTHA Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Silpakorn University, Nakhon Pathom, 73000, Thailand
  • Sutinee GIRDTHEP Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Silpakorn University, Nakhon Pathom, 73000, Thailand
  • Supanee CHAYABUTRA Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Silpakorn University, Nakhon Pathom, 73000, Thailand



Sappanwood, lake pigment, adsorption, natural colorant, Toy balloon


Due to the awareness of the impact of synthetic dye on human health and the environment, natural dye and lake pigment have attracted considerable attention from researcher. Herein, pink−red lake pigment from sappanwood was prepared using adsorption approach. The effects of initial pH, pH and concentration of brazilein solution, dosage of aluminium hydroxide, and adsorption time on adsorption were also explored. Results showed that the maximum adsorption capacity of 30 mg g-1 was achieved when 0.25%w/v of aluminium hydroxide and 100 mg L-1 of brazilein solution were applied. The adsorption kinetics and adsorption isotherm fitted the pseudo second order model and Langmuir isotherm, respectively. Additionally, this lake pigment can be utilized as a natural colorant for natural rubber toy balloons, which could made toy balloon safer for children than synthetic dye. Thus, our lake pigment can be an alternative choice of safe and environmental friendly colorant for products including toys.


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How to Cite

J. SIRIRAK, P. SUPPHARATTHANYA, K. . CHANTHA, S. GIRDTHEP, and S. CHAYABUTRA, “Eco-friendly lake pigment from sappanwood: Adsorption study and its application as natural colorant for natural rubber toy balloon ”, J Met Mater Miner, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 27–37, Jun. 2021.



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