Evaluation of static recrystallization and grain growth kinetics of hot-rolled AZ31 alloy
Keywords:Activation energy, AZ31 alloy, Grain growth, Kinetics, Static recrystallization, Rolling
The static recrystallization/grain growth kinetics of the AZ31 (Mg-3Al-1Zn, wt%) alloy were investigated employing Vickers microhardness and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) measurements. The AZ31 alloy was subject to a hot-rolling for 70% of thickness reduction and then annealed at various temperatures (150°C, 250°C, and 350°C) from 5 min to 24 h. First, the static recrystallization kinetics were analysed by means of the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami-Kolmogorov (JMAK) model. The results showed that the recrystallization occurred under two regimes both involving their own Avrami exponent/ activation energy. In regime I, the Avrami exponent was found in the range of 1.5-0.35 depending on the annealing temperature and activation energy of 74.1±5.7 kJ×mol-1. In regime II, an identical value of Avrami exponent was found (0.1-0.2) and a very low activation energy of 14.8±0.7 kJ×mol-1 was found for all annealing conditions. Non-random nucleation sites such as shear bands were considered as the main factor responsible for the deviation from the JMAK model. Moreover, the grain growth kinetics was well fitted by the general equation where . Accordingly, Qg = 109± 0.2 kJ×mol-1 which is median between grain boundary diffusion and bulk diffusion values for Mg and its alloys. The derived activation energies were discussed in terms of influencing factors such as solute drag, formation of basal texture, and microstructural heterogeneities like shear bands and twinning.
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