Physico-chemical characterization of snail shells powder prepared by mechanochemical processes and thermal treatment


  • Mostapha KARAOUI Team of Innovative Materials and Mechanical Manufacturing Processes, ENSAM, University Moulay Ismail, B.P. 15290, Al Mansour, Meknes, Morocco.
  • Rachid HSISSOU Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, Catalysis and Environment. Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University, BP 242, 14000 Kenitra, Morocco.
  • Mohammed ALAMI Team of Innovative Materials and Mechanical Manufacturing Processes, ENSAM, University Moulay Ismail, B.P. 15290, Al Mansour, Meknes, Morocco.
  • Mohammed ASSOUAG Team of Innovative Materials and Mechanical Manufacturing Processes, ENSAM, University Moulay Ismail, B.P. 15290, Al Mansour, Meknes, Morocco.



Snail shell, Thermal treatment, DSC, X-RD, FT-IR, SEM-EDXS


Natural particles are the most abundant resources exist in nature. Bio-sources of CaCO3 particles have attracted the attention of researchers for multiple cosmetics, industrial, and medical applications. This work investigates the structural evolution of CaCO3 containing in snail shell particles prepared by a mechanochemical process using methods of characterization as well as Differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (X-RD), Fourier transformation infra-red (FT-IR), and Scanning microscopy equipped with Energy-dispersive X-Ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDXS). The result obtained from the above analysis indicates that SSP calcined between 200℃ to 400℃ undergoes an elimination of water molecules, followed by a phase transformation from Aragonite to CaCO3 Calcite. At 800℃, the SSP decomposes CaCO3, giving rise to calcium oxide crystals CaO, which release CO2 molecules. These eliminations and transformations represent a loss of 47.08% of the initial mass at 800℃. The morphological analysis shows the surface of SSP calcined at 800℃ with CaO/CaCO3 crystal formation. Also, the mechanochemical process leads to obtaining an SSP with a size between 3.311 µm to 10.140 µm. Snail shells can be a natural source of CaCO3 and CaO, thanks to their ease of extraction and processing.


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How to Cite

M. . KARAOUI, R. . HSISSOU, M. . ALAMI, and M. . ASSOUAG, “Physico-chemical characterization of snail shells powder prepared by mechanochemical processes and thermal treatment”, J Met Mater Miner, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 139–147, Jun. 2023.



Original Research Articles