Modified vegetable oil in textile finishing applications


  • Nantana Jiratumnukul Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University
  • Phatthinun Antarasane Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University


Water-repellent finishing is an important process in textile industries as well as other finishing processes. Coating on the fabric can be used to achieve a substantial water-repellent effect. Using polymeric coatings, however, provided some disadvantages in air and water vapour permeability causing undesirable feelings when wearing. Besides, the fabric treated with polymeric coatings will impart a stiffening appearance, which is undesirable. In this study, water repellents have been prepared from various vegetable oils with different amounts of saturation in fatty acid moiety. Vegetable oil was transesterified with an intermediate fluorinated compound to give modified fatty esters. These fatty esters were utilized as a water repellent in the finishing process of cotton fabrics. Cotton fabrics were treated with modified fatty esters obtained from rice barn oil comparative to those obtained from sunflower oil and palm oil. Water-repellent ability, yellowing and softness of fabrics after treated were evaluated as a function of the amount of water repellant used in finishing. The results showed that the palm oil ester derivative imparted a higher water repellency than other oils. However, finished fabrics tended to have a slightly yellowing with ester derivatives of oils.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Nantana Jiratumnukul, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University

Department of Materials Science, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University

Phatthinun Antarasane, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University

Department of Materials Science, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University


(1) Kissa, E. 1984. Handbook of fiber Science and Technology, Vol. II, Chemical Processing of Fibers and Fabrics, Functional Finishes, Part B. (eds), Levin M and Sello S.B. New York, Marcel Dekker, : 159-172.

(2) Sahin, B. 1996. Fluorochemicals in Textile finishing. International Textile BulletinDyeing/Printing/Finishing, 42(3) : 26-30.

(3) Singh, O.P. 1987. Stain removal characteristics of fabrics and stain-resistance/release finishing. Textile Dyer&Printe. 20(25) : 24-27.

(4) Adamson, W. 1982. Physical Chemistry of Surface 4th ed. John Wiley&Sons. Inc.

(5) Schindler, W.D. and Hauser, P.J. 2004. Chemical Finishing of Textiles. Cambridge CRC Press : 74-86.

(6) Corpat, J.M. and Dessaint, A. 1997. Flourinebased Textile Finishes. Melliand Textilber. Eng. 78(9) : 135-137.

(7) Castelvetro, V. and Francini, G. 2001. Evaluating Fluorinated Acrylic Latices as Textile Water and Oil repellent Finishes. Text. Res. J. 71(5) : 399-406.

(8) Anton, D. Thomas, R. and Kirchner, J. 1998. Lightly Fluorinated Coatings. Polym Preprint 39 : 954-955.

(9) Le, C.V. Ly, N.G. and Stevens, M.G. 1996. Measuring the Contact Angle of Liquid Droplets on Wool Fibers and Determining Surface Energy Components. Text. Res. J. 66 : 389-397.




How to Cite

N. Jiratumnukul and P. Antarasane, “Modified vegetable oil in textile finishing applications”, J Met Mater Miner, vol. 16, no. 1, Apr. 2017.



Original Research Articles