Investigation of optimum parameters for rotary friction welding of aluminum round bars using three-level factorial design methodology
Keywords:AA6063-T5; Rotary Friction Welding; Three-Level Factorial Design
The welding process has been essential to increasing productivity in numerous industries across Thailand. There are several welding processes to choose from, and the welding process to use will be determined by the suitability of the production in that industry. Another important consideration in welding is to keep the mechanical properties of the joint area as close to the parent material workpiece as possible. This research aims to select the optimum parameter for rotary friction welding aluminum round bar AA6063-T5. That is according to the DIN 50125 type B standard test. The optimal condition consists of welding rotational speed, welding time, and welding pressure rated. The experiment used a three-level factorial design (3k). By a 95% confidence, all of the factors studied had a significant impact on rotary friction welding. A rotational speed of 2,000 rpm, a welding time of 26.97 sec and a pressure of 30 bar resulted in a maximum weld strength of 179.148 MPa.
N. S. Kalsi, and V. S. Sharma, “A statistical analysis of rotary friction welding of steel with varying carbon in workpieces”, The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, vol. 57, pp. 957-967, 2011.
E. P. Alves, F. P. Neto, and C. Y. An, “Welding of AA1050 aluminum with AISI 304 stainless steel by rotary friction welding process,” Journal of Aerospace Technology and Management, vol. 2, pp. 301-306, 2010.
W. Li, A. Vairis, M. Preuss, and T. Ma, “Linear and rotary friction welding review,” International Materials Reviews, vol. 61, pp. 71-100, 2016.
A. Vairis, and M. Frost, “High frequency linear friction welding of a titanium alloy,” Wear, vol. 217, pp. 117-131, 1998.
C. Meengam, S. Chainarong, and P. Muangjunburee, “Friction welding of semi-solid metal 7075 Aluminum Alloy,” Materials Today: Proceedings, vol. 4, pp. 1303-1311, 2017.
M. Srinivasan, C. Loganathan, V. Balasubramanian, Q. B. Nguyen, M. Gupta, and R. Narayanasamy, “Feasibility of joining AZ31B magnesium metal matrix composite by friction welding,” Materials and Design, vol. 32, pp. 1672-1676, 2011.
R. A. Kumar, S. Ramesh, E. S. Kedarvignesh, M. A. Arulchelvam and S. Anjunath, “Review of friction stir processing of magnesium alloys,” Materials Today: Proceedings, vol. 16, pp. 1320-1324, 2019.
E. Y. Priymak, I. L. Yakovlev, A. S. Atamashkin, and A. V. Stepanchukova, “Evolution of Microstructure in the Thermo-mechanically Affected Zone of Welded Joints of Medium-Carbon Steels in the Process of Rotary Friction Welding,” Metal Science and Heat Treatment, vol. 62, pp. 731-737, 2021.
Y. L. Song, Y. H. Liu, X. Y. Zhu, S. R. Yu, and Y. B. Zhang, “Strength distribution at interface of rotary-friction-welded aluminum to nodular cast iron,” Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China, vol. 18, pp. 14-18, 2008.
S. K. Singh, K. Chattopadhyay, G. Phanikumar, and P. Dutta, “Experimental and numerical studies on friction welding of thixocast A356 aluminum alloy,” Acta Materialia, vol. 73, pp. 177-185, 2014.
M. Kimura, K. Suzuki, M. Kusaka, and K. Kaizu, “Effect of friction welding condition on joining phenomena and mechanical properties of friction welded joint between 6063 aluminium alloy and AISI 304 stainless steel,” Journal of Manufacturing Processes, vol. 26, pp. 178-187, 2017.
N. K. Abd-Ali, and A. R. Madeh, “experimental and numerical investigation of factors that affecting in frictional welding of mild steel and Al alloy A356,” in 2018 International Conference on Advanced Science and Engineering (ICOASE), Kurdistan Region, Iraq, 2018, pp. 456-461.
J. L. Mullo, J. A. Ramos-Grez, and G. O. Barrionuevo, “Effect of laser heat treatment on the mechanical performance and microstructural evolution of AISI 1045 Steel-2017-T4 aluminum alloy joints during rotary friction welding,” Journal of Materials. Engineering and Performance, vol. 30, pp. 2617-2631, 2021
H. R. Lashgari, S. Li, C. Kong, M. Asnavandi and S. Zangeneh, “Rotary friction welding of additively manufactured 17-4PH stainless steel,” Journal of Manufacturing Processes, vol. 64, pp. 1517-1528, 2021.
H. T. M. Nu, N. H. Loc, and L. P. Minh, “Influence of the rotary friction welding parameters on the microhardness and joint strength of Ti6Al4V alloys,” Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, vol. 235, pp. 795-805, 2021.
J analysis,” Measurement, vol. 110, pp. 344-355, 2017. . L. Mercy, S. Prakash, A. Krishnamoorthy, S. Ramesh, and D. A. Anand, “Multi response optimisation of mechanical properties in self-healing glass fiber reinforced plastic using grey relational
A. Mebtouche, B. Bezzazi, N. Ramou, D. Aboudi, Y. Faci, and M. Latef, “Characterization of the Interface of a Non-Ferrous Dissimilar Realized by Rotary Friction Welding,” Russian Journal of Nondestructive Testing, vol. 57, pp. 163-169, 2021.
D. S. Kharitonov, C. Örnek, P. M. Claesson, J. Sommertune, I. M. Zharskii, I. I. Kurilo, and J. Pan, “Corrosion inhibition of aluminum alloy AA6063-T5 by vanadates: microstructure characterization and corrosion analysis,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, vol. 165, pp. 116-126, 2018.
M. Uday, M. N. Ahmad Fauzi, H. Zuhailawati, and A. B. Ismail, “Advances in friction welding process: a review,” Science and technology of Welding and Joining, vol. 15, pp. 534-558, 2010.
D. C. Montgomery, Design and analysis of experiments (Eighth Edition). New Jersey: John wiley & sons, 2017.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2021 Journal of Metals, Materials and Minerals
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.