Synthesis and optical properties of forsterite ceramic pigments using mirror wastes as a flux

Authors

  • Niti YONGVANICH Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Technology, Silpakorn University, Nakornpathom, 73000 Thailand
  • Natchaya LITHIRA Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Technology, Silpakorn University, Nakornpathom, 73000 Thailand
  • Nitchakarn NUNIEAD Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Technology, Silpakorn University, Nakornpathom, 73000 Thailand
  • Wanchalerm CHAUYARSA Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Industrial Technology, Silpakorn University, Nakornpathom, 73000 Thailand

Keywords:

Forsterite, Co-dopin, pigment, flux, glaze, stability

Abstract

Cobalt-doped forsterite ceramic pigments based on the formula (Mg2-2xCo2x)SiO4 (x = 0, 0.05, 0.1, 0.2) were synthesized using mirror wastes as a flux. Addition of this flux enhanced forsterite phase formation at lower temperature by as much as 200℃. The resulting pigment particles were in a micron range which is suitable for use in a ceramic glaze. The host structure (Mg2SiO4) could accommodate cobalt cations up to 20 at%. Investigation on the chemical distribution revealed that no chemical species from the flux reacted with pigment grains. Optical properties were examined by UV-vis spectroscopy and colorimetry. Technical performance of the obtained pigments was tested in an industrial low-fire glaze. Alteration in color of the matured glazes was clearly observed, suggesting some instability of the pigments. Using a dense pellet form embedded in a molten glaze, an interfacial layer was observed, indicating interaction between the pigment and corrosive glassy glaze occurred. Stability in all raw materials commonly used in medium-fire glazes was further studied in order to determine which compound might cause such instability. The results would allow a design of glaze’s recipe to possess the desired color of the finished products.

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Published

2021-12-16

How to Cite

[1]
N. YONGVANICH, N. LITHIRA, N. NUNIEAD, and W. CHAUYARSA, “Synthesis and optical properties of forsterite ceramic pigments using mirror wastes as a flux ”, J Met Mater Miner, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 108–115, Dec. 2021.

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Original Research Articles