Effect of amorphous rice husk silica addition on the structure of asphalt composite

Authors

  • Simon Sembiring Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Lampung University, Street. Prof. Soemantri Brojonegoro No.1 Bandar Lampung, 35145, Indonesia http://orcid.org/0000-0002-6499-0598
  • Agus Riyanto Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Lampung University, Street. Prof. Soemantri Brojonegoro No.1 Bandar Lampung, 35145, Indonesia
  • Rudy Situmeang Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Lampung University, Street Prof. Soemantri Brojonegoro No. 1 Bandar Lampung, 35145, Indonesia
  • Zipora SEMBIRING Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Lampung University, Street Prof. Soemantri Brojonegoro No. 1 Bandar Lampung, 35145, Indonesia
  • Nita Susanti Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Lampung University, Street. Prof. Soemantri Brojonegoro No.1 Bandar Lampung, 35145, Indonesia
  • Iqbal Firdaus Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Lampung University, Street. Prof. Soemantri Brojonegoro No.1 Bandar Lampung, 35145, Indonesia

Keywords:

Rice husk, Silica, Asphalt, Microstructure, Structure

Abstract

In this study, modified asphalt composites were produced by adding silica extracted from rice husk. The mass ratios of asphalt to silica are 1:0, 1:1.6, 1:1.8, and 1:2 and calcined at the temperature of 150°C for 6 h. The structural and microstructural characteristics of asphalt composites were examined by x-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy/Energy Dispersive x-ray (SEM-EDX) Spectroscopy and Differential Thermal Analysis (DTA-TGA), respectively. The XRD study revealed that the major phases were carbon and amorphous silica. The surface morphology of asphalt without silica addition presents a cluster of larger size than the cluster of asphalt with an addition of silica. The addition of silica significantly increased the thermal stability of the asphalt due to the formation of a physically cross-linked silica network structure. DTA/TGA analyses produced that temperature decomposition increased with the increasing silica addition from 230℃ to 315°C. Based on these characteristics, the samples are considered for the roof material, suggesting their potential use in substitute lightweight steel roof devices.

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Author Biography

Simon Sembiring, Department of Physics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Lampung University, Street. Prof. Soemantri Brojonegoro No.1 Bandar Lampung, 35145, Indonesia

Department of Physics FMIPA University of Lampung

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Published

2020-12-22

How to Cite

[1]
S. Sembiring, A. Riyanto, R. Situmeang, Z. SEMBIRING, N. Susanti, and I. Firdaus, “Effect of amorphous rice husk silica addition on the structure of asphalt composite”, J. Met. Mater. Miner., vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 113-118, Dec. 2020.

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Original Research Articles