Influence of calcium carbonate nanoparticles on mechanical behavior of poly(lactic acid)/poly(butylene succinate) blend
AbstractPLA/PBS blends in various blend ratio (70:30, 50:50, and 30:70 wt%) containing calcium carbonate nanoparticles (nano-CaCO3) of 1 and 5 phr were prepared. Tensile tests with 3 strain rates and Izod impact test were carried out in order to investigate the influence of CaCO3 nanoparticles on mechanical behavior of nanocomposites under different deformation rates. Morphology and compatibility of nanocomposites were studied using SEM and DSC. It is found that PBS/PLA 50/50 wt% blends exhibited the highest percentage of elongation at break due to co-continuous phases as seen in SEM. CaCO3 nanoparticles were dispersed uniformly in polymer matrix although they showed agglomeration sizes in micro-scale. CaCO3 nanoparticles of 1 phr increased toughness of polymer matrix as evident in higher elongation at break in all straining rates and higher impact strength. This indicates lubricating effect of CaCO3 nanoparticles during the deformation of polymer samples. Nevertheless, adding CaCO3 nanoparticles of 5 phr showed positive effect to improve mechanical properties for brittle polymer matrix since they offered better molecular mobility to withstand applied stresses. However, NPCC of 5 phr gave negative effect on ductile matrix or low strain rates. This would be attributed to loss of molecular mobility during the deformation from nano-CaCO3 agglomeration.
How to Cite
LicenseAuthors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.