The usage of CoAl−layered double oxide for removal of toxic dye from aqueous solution


  • Pornnapa Tongchoo Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Thaksin University, Phatthalung, 93210, Thailand
  • Sonchai Intachai Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Thaksin University, Phatthalung, 93210, Thailand
  • Prakaidao Pankam Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand
  • Chomponoot Suppaso Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand
  • Nithima Khaorapapong Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen 40002, Thailand


Layered double oxide, Orange II, Methyl orange, Phenolphthalein, Methylene blue


CoAl-layered double oxide derived from calcination of CoAl-layered double hydroxide at 400°C for 120 min, delivered the change in microstructure with increasing surface area. Spinel Co3O4 was the majority in the product as confirmed by X-ray diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared and UV-visible spectroscopies. The calcined product, CoAl-layered double oxide resulted in significant adsorption capacity on dye removal superior to that of CoAl-layered double hydroxide. The adsorbed amounts of the diverse dyes increased as follows: methylene blue < phenolphthalein < methyl orange < orange II. The adsorption affinity between adsorbent and dyes relied on electrostatic interaction and physical adsorption. 


Download data is not yet available.


C.R. Holkar, A.J. Jadhav, D.V. Pinjari, N.M. Mahamuni, and A.B. Pandit, “A critical review on textile wastewater treatments: Possible approaches,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 182, pp. 351-366, 2016.

A. Tkaczyk, K. Mitrowska, and A. Posyniak, “Synthetic organic dyes as contaminants of the aquatic environment and theirimplications for ecosystems: A review,” Science of The Total Environment, vol. 717, pp. 137222, 2020.

S.S. Auerbach, D.W. Bristol, J.C. Peckham, G.S. Travlos, C.D. Hébert, and R.S. Chhabra, “Toxicity and carcinogenicity studies of methylene blue trihydrate in F344N rats and B6C3F1 mice,” Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 48, pp. 169-177, 2010.

D.D. Dietz, M.R. Elwell, R.E. Chapin, M.D. Shelb, M.B. Thompson, R. Filler, and M.A. Stedham, “Subchonic (13-week) toxicity studies of oral phenolphthalein in Fischer 344 rats and B6C3F1 mice,” Fundamental and Applied Toxicology, vol. 18, pp. 48-58, 1992.

N. Khumchoo, N. Khaorapapong, A. Ontam, S. Intachai, and M. Ogawa, “Efficient photodegradation of organics in acidic solution by ZnO-smectite hybrids,” European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 19, pp. 3157-3162, 2016.

T.R. Waghmode, M.B. Kurade, R.T. Sapkal, C.H. Bhosale, B-H. Jeon, and S.P. Govindwar, “Sequential photocatalysis and biological treatment for the enhanced degradation of the persistent azo dye methyl red,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 371, pp. 115-122, 2019.

Y. Liu, F. Zhang, W. Zhu, D. Su, Z. Sang, X. Yan, S. Li, J. Liang, and S.X. Dou, “A multifunctional hierarchical porous SiO2/GO membrane for high efficiency oil/water separation and dye removal,” Carbon, vol. 160, pp. 88-97, 2020.

M. Zubair, M. Daud, G. McKay, F. Shehzad, and M.A. Al-Harthi, “Recent progress in layered double hydroxides (LDH)-containing hybrids as adsorbents for water remediation,” Applied Clay Science, vol. 143, pp. 279-292, 2017.

Z. Liu, R. Ma, M. Osada, N. Iyi, Y. Ebina, K. Takada, and T. Sasaki, “Synthesis, anion exchange, and delamination of Co-Al layered double hydroxide: Assembly of the exfoliated nanosheet/polyanion composite films and magneto-optical studies,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 128, pp. 4872-4880, 2006.

R. Yang, Y. Gao, J. Wang, and Q. Wang, “Layered double hydroxide (LDH) derived catalysts for simultaneous catalytic removal of soot and NOx,” Dalton Transactions, vol. 43, pp. 10317-10327, 2014.

S. Kumar, M.A. Isaacs, R. Trofimovaite, L. Durndell, C.M.A. Parlett, R.E. Douthwaite, B. Coulson, M.C.R. Cockett, K. Wilson, and A.F. Lee, “P25@CoAl layered double hydroxide heterojunction nanocomposites for CO2 photocatalytic reduction,” Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, vol. 209, pp. 394-404, 2017.

Z. Tian, Q. Li, J. Hou, L. Pei, Y. Li, and S. Ai, “Platinum nanocrystals supported on CoAl mixed metal oxide nanosheets derived from layered double hydroxides as catalysts for selective hydrogenation of cinnamaldehyde,” Journal of Catalysis, vol. 331, pp. 193-202, 2015.

M. Zubair, N. Jarrah, S.A. Manzar, M. AlHarthi, M. Daud, N.D. Mu’azu, and S.A. Haladu, “Adsorption of eriochrome black T from aqueous phase on MgAl-, CoAl- and NiFe- calcined layered double hydroxides Kinetic, equilibrium and thermodynamic studies,” Journal of Molecular Liquids, vol. 230, pp. 344-352, 2017.

F. Khodam, H.R. Amani-Ghadim, S. Aber, A.R. Amani-Ghadimd, and I. Ahadzadeh, “Neodymium doped mixed metal oxide derived from CoAl-layered double hydroxide: Considerable enhancement in visible light photocatalytic activity,” Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, vol. 68, pp. 311-324, 2018.

G.V. Brião, S.L. Jahn, E.L. Foletto, and G.L. Dotto, “Highly efficient and reusable mesoporous zeolite synthetized from a biopolymer for cationic dyes adsorption,” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 556, pp. 43-50, 2018.

M. Hasanzadeh, A. Simchi, and H. Shahriyari Far, “Nanoporous composites of activated carbon-metal organic frameworks for organic dye adsorption: Synthesis, adsorption mechanism and kinetics studies,” Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, vol. 81, pp. 405-414, 2020.

O.A. Shabaan, H.S. Jahin, and G.G. Mohamed, “Removal of anionic and cationic dyes from wastewater by adsorption using multiwall carbon nanotubes,” Arabian Journal of Chemistry, vol. 13, pp. 4797-4810, 2020.

Y. Chen, C. Jing, X. Zhang, D. Jiang, X. Liu, B. Dong, L. Feng, S. Li, and Y. Zhang, “Acid-salt treated CoAl layered double hydroxide nanosheets with enhanced adsorption capacity of methyl orange dye,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 548, pp. 100-109, 2019.

C. Feng, J. Zhang, Y. Deng, C. Zhong, L. Liu, and W. Hu, “One-pot fabrication of Co3O4 microspheres via hydrothermal method at low temperature for high capacity supercapacitor,” Materials Science and Engineering: B, vol. 199, pp. 15-21, 2015.

J. Gamonchuang, N. Khaorapapong, and M. Ogawa, “The effect of alcohol type on the thickness of silica layer of Co3O4@ SiO2 core-shell particle,” Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 511, pp. 39-46, 2016.

M. Salavati-Niasari, N. Mir, and F. Davar, “Synthesis and characterization of Co3O4 nanorods by thermal decomposition of cobalt oxalate,” Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, vol. 70, pp. 847-852, 2009.

K.S.W. Sing, and R.T. Williams, “Physisorption hysteresis loops and the characterization of nanoporous materials,” Adsorption Science and Technology, vol. 22, pp. 773-782, 2004.

Y. Qiu, B. Lin, F. Jia, Y. Chen, B. Gao, and P. Liu, “CdS-pillared CoAl-layered double hydroxide nanosheets with superior photocatalytic activity,” Materials Research Bulletin, vol. 72, pp. 235-240, 2015.

W. Li, Q. Lin, M. Gao, and H. Ma, “Adsorption studies of Orange II onto polyaniline/bentonite nanocomposite,” Water Science and Technology, vol 76, pp. 337-354, 2017.

X. Jin, B. Yu, Z. Chen, J. M. Arocena, and R. W. Thring, “Adsorption of orange II dye in aqueous solution onto surfactant-coated zeolite: Characterization, kinetic and thermodynamic studies,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 435, pp. 15-20, 2014.

B. Sarkar, Y. Xi, M. Megharaj, and R. Naidu, “Orange II adsorption on palygorskites modified with alkyl trimethylammonium and dialkyl dimethylammonium bromide - An isothermal and kinetic study,” Applied Clay Science, vol. 51, pp. 370-374, 2011.




How to Cite

P. Tongchoo, S. Intachai, P. Pankam, C. Suppaso, and N. Khaorapapong, “The usage of CoAl−layered double oxide for removal of toxic dye from aqueous solution”, J. Met. Mater. Miner., vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 45-50, Dec. 2020.



Original Research Articles