Oxidation behavior of Sn-1 wt% Bi alloy in air and deionized water at room temperature

Authors

  • Tanavut Naravuthichai Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University
  • Patama Visuttipitukul Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University
  • Sirichai Leelachao Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University
  • Tachai Luangvaranunt Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University

Keywords:

Electrochemical analysis, Thickness of tin oxide film, Oxidation of tin, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

Abstract

Formation of tin oxides on surface Sn-1 wt% Bi alloy lapping plates causes interactions with protrusions of embedded diamond grits, and reduces the efficiency of the lapping process. The rate and type of oxide formation were investigated to understand the problem. Electrochemical analysis was performed to characterize the oxide film thickness, and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy was performed to characterize the tin oxide species. Oxidation in air at room temperature reaches a thickness of 23 Å after 72 h. Oxidation in deionized water at room temperature has a faster growth rate, and reaches a thickness of 33 Å after 72 h. An oxides formation model is proposed for this tin alloy composition. The first layer is either a very thin layer or comprises clusters of SnO2. The second layer is a thick and continuous SnO layer. The third layer is a mixture of the two types of oxides. Oxidation either in air or in deionized water at room temperature starts with a linear growth law, and changes to a parabolic growth law after the SnO layer reaches a critical thickness. There is a possibility of SnO to SnO2 transformation that causes thickness reduction.

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Author Biographies

Tanavut Naravuthichai, Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University

Tanavut Naravuthichai, He is a graduate student of Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Education

  • 2016 - B.Sc Science (chemistry), King Mongkut's University of Technology Thonburi.

Research Interest

  • Corrosion of metal
  • Surface modification
  • Simulation

 

Patama Visuttipitukul, Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University

Assoc. Prof. Patama Visuttipitukul, Ph.D. is a member of Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Education

  • 2003 - Ph.D. Metallurgical engineering, University of Tokyo
  • 1999 - M.Eng. Metallurgical engineering, Chulalongkorn University
  • 1997 - B.Eng. Metallurgical engineering, Chulalongkorn University
Fields of expertise
  • Materials characterization
  • Surface modification and coating
  • Heat treatment

Sirichai Leelachao, Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University

Sirichai Leelachao, D.Eng. is a member of Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand. 

Education

  • 2015 - D.Eng (Department of Metallurgy and Ceramics Science, Graduate school of Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan.)
  • 2012 - M.Eng (Department of Metallurgy and Ceramics Science, Graduate school of Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, Japan.)
  • 2009 - B.Eng (Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand.)

Fields of expertise

  • Oxidation of metals
  • Diffusion coatings
  • stress-induced emission
  • Physical vapor deposition/Sputtering process

Tachai Luangvaranunt, Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University

Assoc. Prof. Tachai Luangvaranunt, Ph.D. is a member of Department of Metallurgical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand.

Education

  • 2003 - Ph.D. Metallurgy, University of Tokyo
  • 1998 - M.Sc. Materials, Stevens Institute of Technology
  • 1995 - B.Sc. Metallurgical Engineering, Colorado School of Mines

Fields of expertise

  • Tribology
  • Wear
  • Powder metallurgy
  • Powder forging

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Published

2021-12-16

How to Cite

[1]
T. Naravuthichai, P. Visuttipitukul, S. Leelachao, and T. Luangvaranunt, “Oxidation behavior of Sn-1 wt% Bi alloy in air and deionized water at room temperature”, J. Met. Mater. Miner., vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 45-50, Dec. 2021.

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Original Research Articles