Effect of temperature dropping during solution treatment in rejuvenation heat treatment on final microstructures of Udimet 520


  • Kritsayanee Saelor Engineering Faculty, Chulalongkorn University
  • Panyawat Wangyao Engineering Faculty, Chulalongkorn University


Nickel base superalloy, Rejuvenation heat treatment, Udimet 520, Solution treatment, Microstructure, Gamma prime


Udimet 520 is a low precipitation hardened nickel-based superalloy, which is made to be turbine blades at high temperature. After long-term service, the microstructure of the turbine blades could be degraded, then the mechanical properties are worse than the new ones. The rejuvenation heat treatment of degraded turbine blades, which are made of cast Udimet 520, is following by solution treatment at 1,121ºC / 4 hours and then double aging processes, which include primary aging at 843 ºC / 24 hours and secondary aging at 760 ºC / 16 hours, respectively.However, in practical reheat treatment processes, the temperature during solution treatment can be dropped by error or malfunction of heating furnace because the furnace has to be operated at very high temperature for long time. Simulating this effect, the droppings of temperature during solution treatment are chosen and performed for 3 levels; 840 ºC, 800 ºC and 760 ºC, which could happen in practical working then heated up again immediately to solution temperature level. The maximum number of temperature dropping during the single solution treatment is up to 3 times. Received results show that the effect of temperature dropping during solution treatment has influenced on the final rejuvenated microstructures slightly due to the alloy is low precipitation behavior.


Download data is not yet available.


Kazempour-Liacy, H., Abouali, S. and M. AkbariGarakani. (2011). Failure analysis of a first stage gas turbine blade. Eng. Fail. Anal. 18(1) : 517-522.

Xu, S., Dickson, J. I. and Koul, A. K. (1998). Grain growth and carbide precipitation in superalloy, UDIMET 520. Metall. Mater. Trans. A. 29(11) : 2687-2695.

El-Bagoury, N., Waly, M. and Nofal, A. (2008). Effect of various heat treatment conditions on microstructure of cast polycrystalline IN738LC alloy. Mat. Sci. Eng. A. 487(1) : 152-161.

Hoseini, S. H., Nategh, S., and Ekrami, A. (2012). Microstructural evolution in damaged IN838LC alloy during various steps of rejuvenation heat treatment. J. Alloys Compd. 512 : 340-350.

Krongtong, V., Tuengsook, P., Homkrajai, W., Nisaratanaporn, E. and Wangyao, P. (2005). The effect of re-heat treatments on microstructural restoration in cast nickel superalloy turbine blade, GTD-111. Acta Metall. Slovaca. 11(2) : 171-182.

Turazi , A., De Oliveira, C.A.S., Enrique, C., Boho´rquez, N. and Comeli, F.W. (2015). Study of GTD-111 superalloy microstructural evolution during high-temperature aging and after rejuvenation treatments. Metallography, Microstructure and Analysis. 4(1) : 3-12.

Wangyao, P., Korath, T., Harnvirojkul, T., Krongtong, V. and Homkajai, W. (2005). The SEM study of microstructural restoration by re-heat treatments in cast superalloy turbine blade. Acta Metall. Slovaca. 11(1) : 25-35.

Wangyao, P., Krongtong, V., Tuengsook, P., Hormkrajai, W. and Panich, N. (2006). The relationship between reheat-treatment and hardness behavior of cast nickel superalloy, GTD-111. J. Metals. Mater. Miner. 16(1) : 55-62.

Wangyao, P., Homkrajai, W., Krongtong, V., Panich, N. and Lothongkum, G. (2007). Study of effect of HIP and heat treatments on microstructural restoration in cast nickel based superalloy IN-738. J. Metals. Mater. Miner. 17(2) : 51-56.

Wongnawapreechachai, P., Homkrajai, W., Lothongkum, G. and Wangyao, P. (2012). Effect of temperature dropping during reheat treatments on GTD-111 microstructure. High Temp. Mater. Processes. 31(2) : 113-123.

Promboopha, A., Polsilapa, S. and Wangyao, P. (2015). Effect of temperature dropping during solution treatment during rejuvenation heat treatment on final microstructures in cast nickel base superalloy, grade Inconel-738. J. Metals. Mater. Miner. 25(1) : 69-75.




How to Cite

K. Saelor and P. Wangyao, “Effect of temperature dropping during solution treatment in rejuvenation heat treatment on final microstructures of Udimet 520”, J Met Mater Miner, vol. 25, no. 2, Dec. 2015.



Original Research Articles

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>