Electrochromic property of tungsten trioxide films prepared by DC magnetron sputtering with oblique angle deposition and thermal oxidation
Keywords:Magnetron sputtering, WO3 film, OAD, Electrochromic, Thermal oxidation
In this work, WO3 thin films were prepared in two steps: First, tungsten (W) films with thickness of 100-300 nm were deposited by DC magnetron sputtering with oblique angle deposition (OAD) technique at 0 and 85. Second, sputtered W films were annealed under air atmosphere at a temperature of 500℃ and different oxidation times for 1-3 h. The structure of WO3 thin films were examined by X-ray diffraction and field emission scanning electron microscope. In addition, the optical and electrochromic properties of the WO3 thin films were measured by a spectrophotometer before and after testing in potassium hydroxide electrolytes. The results showed that the OAD technique can enhance porosity and exert high oxidation in W films. The increase in film thickness and oxidation time indicated that the crystallinity of WO3 films increased. The condition of WO3 films for OAD at 85, thickness of 300 nm, and oxidation time of 1 h showed the best electrochromic property with the highest optical modulation and current density.
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