Characterization of TiO2-activated carbon onto adsorption and photocatalytic properties and its application

Authors

  • Mark Chobchun Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, Thailand
  • Pasakorn Jutakridsada Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, Thailand
  • Puttiporn Thiamsinsangwon Department of Chemical and Material Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Rajamangala University of Technology Thanyaburi, Pathum Thani 12110, Thailand
  • Pornnapa Kasemsiri Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, Thailand
  • Khanita Kamwilaisak Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, Thailand
  • Prinya Chindaprasirt SIRDC- Sustainable Infrastructure Research and Development, Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Khon Kaen University, Khon Kaen, 40002, Thailand

Keywords:

Titanium dioxide, Activated carbon, Nanocomposite, Photocatalyst, Synergic effect

Abstract

This study investigates the characterization of TiO2 in conjunction with activated carbon (AC) on its adsorption and photocatalytic properties. TiO2 in the absence and presence of AC were prepared by the sol-gel method. TiCl4 was used as a precursor to reduce using acidic solution during preparation process. The effects of the amount of AC on the characteristics of composites were investigated. TGA technique was used to evaluate the amount of TiO2 and AC in TiO2/AC composite. The adsorption properties of TiO2/AC were characterized using XRD, TEM, N2 adsorption/desorption, FTIR and UV–Vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy techniques. The photocatalytic activities of the composites were investigated by measuring the removal of acid dye. Results showed that the specific surface area of TiO2/AC increased with increasing mass fraction of AC, while the energy band gap was reduced. It was clearly shown that TiO2 in the presence of AC produced a synergistic effect of the composite and led to an increase in photocatalytic performance. Also, the reuse of TiO2 with 20% AC nanocomposites for dye removal showed a high reuse efficiency above 90% in photocatalytic dye degradation.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

A. Fujishima, T. N. Rao, and D. A. Tryk, "Titanium dioxide photocatalysis," Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology C: Photochemistry Reviews, vol. 1(1), pp. 1-21, 2000/6/29 2000.

E. Bizani, Fytianos, K., Poulios, I., and V. Tsiridis, "Photocatalytic decolorization and degradation of dye solutions and wastewaters in the presence of titanium dioxide," Journal of Hazardous Materials, Selected Proceedings of the Seventh Biennial Protection and Restoration of the Environment International Conference, vol. 136(1), pp. 85-94, 2006/8/10 2006.

H. G. Mobtaker, S. J. Ahmadi, S. M. Dehaghi, and T. Yousefi, "Coupling system application in photocatalytic degradation of methylorange by TiO2, TiO2/SiO2 and TiO2/SiO2/Ag," Rare Metals, vol. 34(12), pp. 851-858, 2015.

A. C. Martins, A. L. Cazetta, O. Pezoti, J.R.B. Souza, T. Zhang, E. J. Pilau, T. Asefa, and V.C. Almeida, "Sol-gel synthesis of new TiO2/activated carbon photocatalyst and its application for degradation of tetracycline," Ceramics International, vol. 43(5), pp. 4411-4418, 2017.

C. Telegang Chekem, V. Goetz, Y. Richardson, G. Plantard, and J. Blin, "Modelling of adsorption/photodegradation phenomena on AC-TiO2 composite catalysts for water treatment detoxification," Catalysis Today, vol. 328, pp. 183-188, 2019.

Y. Li, S. Li, J. Wang, C. Ma, and L. Zhang, "Preparation and solarlight photocatalytic activity of TiO2 composites: TiO2/kaolin, TiO2/diatomite, and TiO2/zeolite," Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A, vol. 88(13), pp. 2471-2475, 2014.

X. Zhang, Y. Shen, W. Shi, and X. Bao, "Ethanolic cofermentation with glucose and xylose by the recombinant industrial strain Saccharomyces cerevisiae NAN-127 and the effect of furfural on xylitol production," Bioresource technology, vol. 101(18), pp. 7093-7099, 2010.

M. Lorenzo, D. Moldes, S. R. Couto, and M. Sanromán, "Inhibition of laccase activity from trametes versicolor by heavy metals and organic compounds," Chemosphere, vol. 60(8), pp. 1124-1128, 2005.

C. Adán, J. Carbajo, A. Bahamonde, and A. Martínez-Arias, "Phenol photodegradation with oxygen and hydrogen peroxide over TiO2 and Fe-doped TiO2," Catalysis Today, vol. 143(3), pp. 247-252, 2009.

S. X. Liu, X. Y. Chen, and X. Chen, "A TiO2/AC composite photocatalyst with high activity and easy separation prepared by a hydrothermal method," Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 143(1), pp. 257-263, 2007.

L. Andronic, A. Enesca, C. Cazan, and M. Visa, "TiO2–active carbon composites for wastewater photocatalysis," Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, journal article vol. 71(3), pp. 396-405, 2014.

A. Nourbakhsh, S. Abbaspour, M. Masood, S. N. Mirsattari, A. Vahedi, and K. J. D. Mackenzie, "Photocatalytic properties of mesoporous TiO2 nanocomposites modified with carbon nanotubes and copper," Ceramics International, vol. 42(10), pp. 11901-11906, 2016.

B. Gao, P. S. Yap, T. M. Lim, and T.-T. Lim, "Adsorption-photocatalytic degradation of Acid Red 88 by supported TiO2: Effect of activated carbon support and aqueous anions," Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 171(3), pp. 1098-1107, 2011.

K. Blus, "Synthesis and properties of acid dyes derived from 1-phenyl-3-methyl-5-pyrazolone," Dyes and pigments, vol. 20(1), pp. 53-65, 1992.

S.H. Madani, C. Hu, A. Silvestre-Albero, M.J. Biggs, F. Rodríguez-Reinoso, and P. Pendleton, "Pore size distributions derived from adsorption isotherms, immersion calorimetry, and isosteric heats: A comparative study," Carbon, vol. 96, pp. 1106-1113, 2016.

Y. Li, X. Li, J. Li, and J. Yin, "Photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange by TiO2-coated activated carbon and kinetic study," Water research, vol. 40(6), pp. 1119-1126, 2006.

C. Adán, J. Carbajo, A. Bahamonde, and A. Martínez-Arias, "Phenol photodegradation with oxygen and hydrogen peroxide over TiO2 and Fe-doped TiO2," Catalysis Today, vol. 143, pp. 247-252, 2009.

J. Zhang, P. Zhou, J. Liu, and J. Yu, "New understanding of the difference of photocatalytic activity among anatase, rutile and brookite TiO2," Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, vol. 16(38), pp. 20382-20386, 2014.

S. Horikoshi, S. Sakamoto, and N. Serpone, "Formation and efficacy of TiO2/AC composites prepared under microwave irradiation in the photoinduced transformation of the 2-propanol VOC pollutant in air," Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, vol. 140-141, pp. 646-651, 2013.

P. Scherrer and N.G.W. Gottingen, "Math-Pys. Kl.," no. 2, pp. 96-100, 1918.

A. W. Burton, K. Ong, T. Rea, and I. Y. Chan, "On the estimation of average crystallite size of zeolites from the Scherrer equation: A critical evaluation of its application to zeolites with one-dimensional pore systems, Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, vol. 117(1-2), pp. 75-90, 2009.

Z. Abbas, J. Perez-Holmberg, A-K Hellström, M. Hagström, J. Bergenholtz, M. Hassellöv, and E. Ahlberg, "Synthesis, characterization and particle size distribution of TiO2 colloidal nanoparticles," Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 384(1-3), pp. 254-261, 2011.

F. Rouquerol, J. Rouquerol, and K. Sing, "CHAPTER 1- Introduction," in Adsorption by Powders and Porous Solids, F. Rouquerol, J. Rouquerol, and K. Sing, Eds. London: Academic Press, 1999, pp. 1-26.

F.J. Sotomayor, K.A. Cychosz, and M. Thommes, "Characterization of micro/mesoporous materials by physisorption: concepts and case studies," Accounts Material &. Surface. Research, vol. 3(2), pp. 36-37, 2018.

F. X. Perrin, V. Nguyen, and J. L. Vernet, "FT-IR Spectroscopy of acid-modified titanium alkoxides: investigations on the nature of carboxylate coordination and degree of complexation," Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, vol. 28(2), pp. 205-215, 2003.

M. Gar Alalm, A. Tawfik, and S. Ookawara, "Solar photocatalytic degradation of phenol by TiO2/AC prepared by temperature impregnation method," Desalination and Water Treatment, vol. 57(2), pp. 835-844, 2016.

H. Atout, A. Bouguettoucha, D. Chebli, J.M. Gatica, H.Vidal, M.P. Yeste, and A. Amrane,"Integration of adsorption and photocatalytic degradation of methylene blue using TiO2 Supported on granular activated carbon," Carbon, vol. 16, pp. 123, 2016.

X.G. Zhao, and L.Q. Huang, "Iridium, carbon and nitrogen multiple-doped TiO2 nanoparticles with enhanced photocatalytic activity," Ceramics International, vol. 43(5), pp. 3975-3980, 2017.

X. Wang, Z. Hu, Y. Chen, G. Zhao, Y. Liu, and Z. Wen, "A novel approach towards high-performance composite photocatalyst of TiO2 deposited on activated carbon," Applied Surface Science, vol. 255(7), pp. 3953-3958, 2009.

M. Vishnuganth, N. Remya, M. Kumar, and N. Selvaraju, "Photocatalytic degradation of carbofuran by TiO2-coated activated carbon: Model for kinetic, electrical energy per order and economic analysis," Journal of environmental management, vol. 181, pp. 201-207, 2016.

Downloads

Additional Files

Published

2020-12-22

How to Cite

[1]
M. Chobchun, P. Jutakridsada, P. Thiamsinsangwon, P. Kasemsiri, K. Kamwilaisak, and P. Chindaprasirt, “Characterization of TiO2-activated carbon onto adsorption and photocatalytic properties and its application”, J. Met. Mater. Miner., vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 30-38, Dec. 2020.

Issue

Section

Original Research Articles